5 Aspects Of Reading Comprehension Meaning And Example

5 Aspects Of Reading Comprehension : Meaning And Example

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5 Aspects Of Reading Comprehension : Meaning And Example

Reading comprehension has five aspects this clarify actually concerned with reading comprehension as they are elaborate like the following:

5 Aspects Of Reading Comprehension  Meaning And Example

1. Main Idea

Main idea is called the topic sentence (Mc. Whother, 1986:36). It tells the content of the paragraph. In other word, the main idea is the important ideas that is developed by the writer throughout paragraph and sometimes are available in key words and explicit or implicit message. For example: The topic is the story of “Cinderella”. From the topic the writer delivered his/her idea about the story by giving one main idea in one paragraph. Once upon a time, there was a girl called Cinderella. Cinderella lived happily with her mother and father until her mother died.

Feel that Cinderella needs a mother figure in her life, Cinderella’s father remarries to a woman who has two daughters of her own. Unfortunately, Cinderella’s father dies and she lived only with her stepmother and stepsisters. They were very bossy, she had to do all the housework. It was quite true Cinderella even dressed in rags with dusty gray face from the cinders was a lovely girl. While her stepsisters no matter how splendid and elegant their clothes were still clumsy, lumpy and ugly.

Cinderella lived with her step mother and two step sisters. (It is called main or important idea because it will be developed by specific information or supporting idea and become paragraph 1).

2. Specific Information
Specific information or supporting idea is developed from the main idea by giving the specific definitions, examples, facts, comparison, cause and effect that is related to the topic sentence.

For example: The Story of “Cinderella”.
a. Paragraph 1: Cinderella lived with her step mother and two step sisters. From the main idea the writer can develop the story by giving specific information.

Once upon a time, there was a girl called Cinderella. Cinderella lived happily with her mother and father until her mother died. Feel that Cinderella needs a mother figure in her life, Cinderella’s father remarries to a woman who has two daughters of her own. Unfortunately, Cinderella’s father dies and she lived only with her stepmother and stepsisters. They were very bossy, she had to do all the housework. It was quite true Cinderella even dressed in rags with dusty gray face from the cinders was a lovely girl. While her stepsisters no matter how splendid and elegant their clothes were still clumsy, lumpy and ugly.

One day, invitations from the hall come to the family. The King invited for all the eligible ladies in the kingdom so as to find Prince a wife. Her stepsisters would not let her go. Cinderella was sad. The stepsisters went to the hall without her. Fortunately, the fairy Godmother came and helped her to get to the hall with the wave of magic wand, helped prepared Cinderella for the hall. The fairy does warn her that is magic will end at a stroke of midnight, so she must leaved the hall before then. (specific information).

The italic sentences are called specific information because it is developed from the main idea, in this case the specific information gives the detail information about the character of Cinderella and her two stepsisters and stepmother in that story as an example of bad character and facts about the new family of Cinderella. It was also the comparison between Cinderella a beautiful girl and her step sister an ugly girl.

The underline sentences are also called specific information because it is developed from the main idea, in this case the specific information gives the detail information about the reason (cause and effect) why her stepsister did not allow Cinderella came to the party and how she can come to the party.

3. Reference
According to Lattulipe in Marsiyah (2009) reference is the words or phrases that is used either before or after the reference in the reading material. They are used to avoid unnecessary repetition of words or phrases. It means that such words are used to be a signal to the reader to find the meaning elsewhere in the text or sometimes is called pronoun.

For example: Once upon a time, there was a beautiful girl called Cinderella. She lived with her stepsister and stepmother. They were very bossy. She had to do all the housework. What does the word ”they” in the sentence refer to? The word “they” refers to her stepsister and stepmother.
The word “they” is called reference because it becomes pronoun to “her stepsister and stepmother”.

4. Inference
When a reader adds information that he or she already knows to what is stated, the reader is making an inference (Beech, 2005). In other words, the readers can make conclusion after reading the text.
For example: One day Aladdin and Mustafa walked in the desert and came to a cave. Mustafa was afraid to go inside the cave, so Aladdin went inside and found more riches alone. Did Aladdin enter the cave with Mustafa? No, he did not. Aladdin entered the cave alone (inference).

The inference or the conclusion from the sentences above is Aladdin entered the cave alone because from the sentences we can make the conclusion that Mustafa did not enter to the cave so, Aladdin entered the cave alone.

5. Vocabulary

Barnhart (2008: 697) states that stock of words are used by person, class of people, profession is called vocabulary. Concerning with the statements indeed vocabulary is fundamental for everyone who wants to speak or to produce utterance for reading.

For example: … He took his plough and hit tiger. Then he said. “Now, you know about my intelligence even if you haven’t see it”. The antonym of the underline word is…? Cleverness. In this case, the question was usually about the antonym, synonym and meaning.

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