13 Contoh Report Text Beserta Terjemahan tentang “Olahraga dan Makanan”
– Sebelumnya KBI telah membahas tentang Recount Text: Pengertian, Tujuan, Generic Structure, dan Contoh Terlengkap. Berikut ini KBI memberikan 3 Contoh Report Text tentang Olahraga dan Terjemahannya. Check this out!
Football or soccer, which is considered to be the most popular sport in the world, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players using a spherical ball.
The object of the game, which is played on a wide rectangular field with a goal on each end of the field, is to score by putting the ball into the adversary goal. The goal is kept by a goalkeeper who is allowed, at the exception of other players, to use his / her hands in the game. The winners are those who score the most goals. If the football match ends in a draw the two teams may be redirected to play extra time and / or penalty shootouts.
The way football is played now was first codified in England. Nowadays, it is governed by the FIFA, “Fédération Internationale de Football Association” (International Federation of Association Football.) The game is played now all over the world and competitions are organized nationally, continentally and internationally. The most prestigious of football competitions is the World Cup, which is held every four years.
Sepak bola atau soccer, yang dianggap sebagai olahraga paling populer di dunia, adalah olahraga tim yang dimainkan antara dua tim dari sebelas pemain menggunakan sebuah bola bundar.
Tujuan dari permainan, yang dimainkan di lapangan persegi panjang yang lebar dengan tujuan pada setiap ujung lapangan, adalah untuk mencetak dengan menempatkan bola ke gawang lawan. Gawang dijaga oleh kiper yang diperbolehkan, kecuali pemain lainnya, untuk menggunakan tangannya dalam permainan. Pemenangnya adalah mereka yang mencetak gol terbanyak. Jika pertandingan sepak bola berakhir imbang dua tim dapat diarahkan untuk bermain di waktu tambahan dan/atau adu penalti.
Cara sepakbola dimainkan sekarang pertama kali disusun di Inggris. Saat ini, diatur oleh FIFA, “FIFA” (Federasi Internasional Asosiasi Sepakbola.) Permainan ini sekarang dimainkan di seluruh dunia dan kompetisi diselenggarakan secara nasional, kontinental dan internasional. Yang paling bergengsi kompetisi sepakbola Piala Dunia, yang diadakan setiap empat tahun.
Badminton is a racket sport played by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles), who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court divided by a net. Players score points by striking a shuttlecock with their racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their opponents’ half of the court. Each side may only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes over the net. A rally ends once the shuttlecock has struck the floor, or if a fault has been called by either the umpire or service judge or, in their absence, the offending player, at any time during the rally.
The shuttlecock is a feathered or (mainly in non-competitive matches) plastic projectile whose unique aerodynamic properties cause it to fly differently from the balls used in most racket sports; in particular, the feathers create much higher drag, causing the shuttlecock to decelerate more rapidly than a ball. Shuttlecocks have a much higher top speed, when compared to other racket sports. Because shuttlecock flight is affected by wind, competitive badminton is played indoors. Badminton is also played outdoors as a casual recreational activity, often as a garden or beach game.
Since 1992, badminton has been an Olympic sport with five competition/events: men’s and women’s singles, men’s and women’s doubles, and mixed doubles, in which each pair consists of a man and a woman. At high levels of play, especially in singles, the sport demands excellent fitness: players require aerobic stamina, agility, explosive strength, speed and precision. It is also a technical sport, requiring good motor coordination and the development of sophisticated racket movements.
Bulutangkis adalah olahraga raket yang dimainkan oleh dua pemain berlawanan (single) atau dua pasangan yang berlawanan (ganda), yang mengambil posisi di bagian setengah dari lapangan persegi panjang dipisahkan oleh net/jaring. Pemain mencetak poin dengan memukul kok dengan raket mereka sehingga melewati net dan lahan di setengah lawan mereka dari lapangan. Masing-masing pihak mungkin hanya memukul kok sekali sebelum melewati net. Sebuah reli berakhir setelah shuttlecock telah menyentuh lantai, atau jika kesalahan telah disebut oleh salah satu wasit atau tigas hakim atau, dalam ketidakhadiran mereka, pemain yang melakukan kesalahan, pada saat permainan berlangsung.
Kok adalah berbulu atau (terutama dalam pertandingan non-kompetitif) proyektil plastik yang sifat unik menyebabkan itu terbang berbeda dari bola yang digunakan di sebagian besar olahraga raket; khususnya, bulu dibuat penahan jauh lebih tinggi, menyebabkan kok yang melambat lebih cepat dari bola. Kok memiliki kecepatan lebih tinggi, jika dibandingkan dengan olahraga raket lainnya. Karena terbannya kok dipengaruhi oleh angin, bulutangkis yang kompetitif dimainkan di dalam ruangan. Badminton yang juga dimainkan di luar ruangan sebagai kegiatan rekreasi santai, sering sebagai permainan taman atau pantai.
Sejak tahun 1992, bulutangkis telah menjadi olahraga Olimpiade dengan lima kompetisi/ event: tunggal putra dan putri, ganda putra dan putri, dan ganda campuran, di mana masing-masing pasangan terdiri dari seorang pria dan seorang wanita. Pada tingkat permainan tinggi, terutama di tunggal, olahraga ini menuntut kebugaran yang sangat baik: pemain membutuhkan stamina aerobik, kelincahan, kekuatan pukulan, kecepatan dan ketepatan. Ini juga merupakan olahraga teknis, yang membutuhkan koordinasi motorik yang baik dan pengembangan gerakan raket.
Boxing is a martial art and combat sport in which two people engage in a contest of strength, speed, reflexes, endurance and will, by throwing punches at each other, usually with gloved hands. Historically, the goals have been to weaken and knock down the opponent.
Amateur boxing is both an Olympic and Commonwealth sport and is a common fixture in most international games—it also has its own World Championships. Boxing is supervised by a referee over a series of one- to three-minute intervals called rounds. The result is decided when an opponent is deemed incapable to continue by a referee, is disqualified for breaking a rule, resigns by throwing in a towel, or is pronounced the winner or loser based on the judges’ scorecards at the end of the contest. In the event that both fighters gain equal scores from the judges, the fight is considered a draw.
While people have fought in hand-to-hand combat since before the dawn of history, the origin of boxing as an organized sport may be its acceptance by the ancient Greeks as an Olympic game in BC 688. Boxing evolved from 16th- and 18th-century prizefights, largely in Great Britain, to the forerunner of modern boxing in the mid-19th century, again initially in Great Britain and later in the United States.
Tinju adalah seni bela diri dan olahraga combat/pertarungan di mana dua orang terlibat dalam kontes kekuatan, kecepatan, refleks, daya tahan dan hasrat, dengan melemparkan pukulan satu sama lain, biasanya dengan tangan bersarung. Secara historis, tujuan adalah untuk melemahkan dan merobohkan lawan.
Tinju amatir baik olahraga Olimpiade dan Kawasan dan perlengkapan umum di sebagian besar pertandingan internasionalnya juga memiliki Kejuaraan Dunia sendiri. Tinju diawasi oleh wasit atas serangkaian satu sampai tiga dalam interval menit disebut putaran. Hasilnya diputuskan ketika lawan dianggap tidak mampu untuk melanjutkan oleh wasit, yang didiskualifikasi karena melanggar aturan, mengundurkan diri dengan melemparkan handuk, atau diucapkan pemenang atau pecundang berdasarkan scorecard hakim pada akhir kontes. Dalam pertandingan kedua petinju mendapatkan skor yang sama dari para juri, pertarungan dianggap imbang.
Sementara orang-orang telah berjuang adu tinju sejak sebelum permulaan sejarah, asal tinju sebagai olahraga terorganisir mungkin disambut oleh orang Yunani kuno sebagai permainan Olimpiade di tahun 688 sebelum Masehi. Boxing berkembang dari abad ke-16 dan 18, sebagian besar di Inggris, dengan cikal bakal dari tinju modern di pertengahan abad ke-19, awalnya di Inggris lagi dan kemudian di Amerika Serikat.
Chess is a two-player board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid. Chess is played by millions of people worldwide, both amateurs and professionals.
Each player begins the game with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. Each of the six piece types moves differently. The most powerful piece is the queen and the least powerful piece is the pawn. The objective is to ‘checkmate’ the opponent’s king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture. To this end, a player’s pieces are used to attack and capture the opponent’s pieces, while supporting their own. In addition to checkmate, the game can be won by voluntary resignation by the opponent, which typically occurs when too much material is lost, or if checkmate appears unavoidable. A game may also result in a draw in several ways.
Swimming is an individual or team sport and activity. Competitive swimming is one of the most popular Olympic sports, with events in freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke, and butterfly. In addition to these individual events, Olympic swimmers also participate in relays
Evidence of recreational swimming in prehistoric times has been found, with the earliest evidence dating to Stone Age paintings from around 10000 years ago. Written references date from 2000 BC, with some of the earliest references to swimming including the Iliad, the Odyssey, the Bible, Beowulf, the Quran and others. In 1538, Nikolaus Wynmann, a German professor of languages, wrote the first swimming book, The Swimmer or A Dialogue on the Art of Swimming (Der Schwimmer oder ein Zweigespräch über die Schwimmkunst).
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent’s court. The object of the game is to play the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.
Tennis is an Olympic sport and is played at all levels of society and at all ages. The sport can be played by anyone who can hold a racket, including wheelchair users. The modern game of tennis originated in Birmingham, England, in the late 19th century as “lawn tennis”. It had close connections both to various field (“lawn”) games such as croquet and bowls as well as to the older racket sport of real tennis. During most of the 19th-century in fact, the term “tennis” referred to real tennis, not lawn tennis: for example, in Disraeli’s novel Sybil (1845), Lord Eugene De Vere announces that he will “go down to Hampton Court and play tennis.
Running is a method of terrestrial locomotion allowing humans and other animals to move rapidly on foot. Running is a type of gait characterized by an aerial phase in which all feet are above the ground (though there are exceptions. This is in contrast to walking, where one foot is always in contact with the ground, the legs are kept mostly straight and the center of gravity vaults over the stance leg or legs in an inverted pendulum fashion. A characteristic feature of a running body from the viewpoint of spring-mass mechanics is that changes in kinetic and potential energy within a stride occur simultaneously, with energy storage accomplished by springy tendons and passive muscle elasticity.The term running can refer to any of a variety of speeds ranging from jogging to sprinting.
It is assumed that the ancestors of mankind developed the ability to run for long distances about 2.6 million years ago, probably in order to hunt animals. Competitive running grew out of religious festivals in various areas. Records of competitive racing date back to the Tailteann Games in Ireland in 1829 BCE, while the first recorded Olympic Games took place in 776 BCE. Running has been described as the world’s most accessible sport
Sate Padang is a speciality satay from Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia, made from beef cut into small dices with spicy sauce on top of it. Its main characteristic is the thick yellow sauce made from rice flour mixed with beef and offal broth, turmeric, ginger, garlic, coriander, galangal root, cumin, curry powder and salt. In Medan, a lot of Sate Padang use not only beef but also chicken and lamb.
There are three types of sate padang, which are Sate Padang, Sate Padang Panjang, Sate Pariaman. The three types are differentiated by the colour of their sauce. Sate Padang Panjang usually has yellow-coloured sauce while Sate Pariaman has red-coloured sauce. Bearing the sauces are different, the taste of both sate are different. While sate Padang has a variety of flavor blend from the two types of sate above.
Fresh beef are boiled twice in a big drum filled with water to make the meat soft and juicy. Then, the meat is sliced into parts and spices are sprinkled on the meat. The broth is then used to make the sauce, mixed with 19 kinds of spices which have been smoothed and stirred with various kinds of chili. All seasoning are then put together and cooked for 15 minutes. The sate will be grilled just before serving, using coconut shell charcoal.
Bakso or baso is Indonesian meatball, or meat paste made from beef surimi. Its texture is similar to the Chinese beef ball, fish ball, or pork ball. The term bakso could refer to a single meatball or the whole bowl of meatballs soup.
Bakso can be found all across Indonesia; from the traveling cart street vendors to restaurants. Next to soto, satay and siomay, bakso is one of the popular street food in Indonesia. Today, various types of ready to cook bakso also available as frozen food commonly sold in supermarkets in Indonesia.
Rendang is a spicy meat dish which originated from the Minangkabau ethnic group of Indonesia, and is now commonly served across the country. One of the characteristic foods of Minangkabau culture, it is served at ceremonial occasions and to honour guests. Rendang is also served among the Malay community in Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei and Southern Philippines. Rendang is traditionally prepared by the Minangkabau community during festive occasions such as traditional ceremonies, wedding feasts and Hari Raya (Eid al-Fitr). Culinary experts often describe rendang as: ‘West Sumatran caramelised beef curry’. In 2011 an online poll by 35,000 people held by CNN International chose rendang as the number one dish of their ‘World’s 50 Most Delicious Foods (Readers’ Pick)’ list.
Rendang adalah hidangan daging pedas yang berasal dari Minangkabau kelompok etnis Indonesia, dan sekarang disajikan di seluruh negeri. salah satu makanan khas budaya Minangkabau, disajikan pada upacara–upacara dan tamu kehormatan. Rendang juga dilayani antara komunitas Melayu di Malaysia, Singapura, Brunei, dan Filipina Selatan. Rendang tradisional disiapkan oleh masyarakat Minangkabau selama acara-acara meriah seperti upacara adat, pernikahan perayaan dan Hari Raya (Idul Fitri). Pakar kuliner sering menggambarkan rendang sebagai: ‘Sumatera Barat caramelised kari daging sapi’. 2011 di sebuah online poll oleh 35.000 orang dipegang oleh CNN International memilih rendang sebagai nomor satu hidangan mereka ‘World’s 50 paling lezat makanan (pembaca memilih)’ daftar.
Opor is a type of dish cooked and braised in coconut milk from Indonesia, especially from Central Java. In Indonesia the term opor refer to the method of cooking in coconut milk. Opor is a popular dish for lebaran or Eid ul-Fitr, usually eaten with ketupat and sambal goreng ati (beef liver in sambal). In Yogyakarta chicken or egg opor often eaten with gudeg and rice.
Pempek, mpek-mpek or empek-empek is a savoury fishcake delicacy from Palembang,Indonesia, made of fish and tapioca. Pempek is served with yellow noodles and a dark, rich sweet and sour sauce called kuah cuka or kuah cuko (lit. vinegar sauce), or “cuko”.Pempek is the best-known of Palembang’s dishes. Its origin is undoubtedly Palembang. However, the history behind the creation of this savoury dish is unclear. According to local tradition, around the 16th century there was an old Chinese immigrant who lived near the Musi river. He noticed an abundance of fish caught by the local fishermen. In the Sumatran tropical climate, before the invention of refrigeration technology, most of these unsold leftover fish decayed and were wasted. The indigenous people, however had limited knowledge and techniques for processing fish. During that period, most of the indigenous people simply grilled, fried or boiled their fish instead of adding other ingredients to make new dishes. The old Chinese man mixed in some tapioca and other spices, which he then sold around the village on his cart. The people referred to this old man as ‘pek-apek, where apek is a Chinese slang word to call an old man. The food is known today as empek-empek or pempek.
Soto (also known as sroto, tauto, or coto) is a traditional Indonesian soup mainly composed of broth, meat and vegetables. Many traditional soups are called soto, whereas foreign and Western influenced soups are called sop.
Soto is sometimes considered Indonesia’s national dish, as it is served from Sumatra to Papua, in a wide range of variations. Soto is omnipresent in Indonesia, available in many warungs and open-air eateries on many street corners, to fine dining restaurants and luxurious hotels. Soto, especially soto ayam (chicken soto), is an Indonesian equivalent of chicken soup. Because it is always served warm with a tender texture, it is considered an Indonesian comfort food.
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