Bahasa Inggris memiliki banyak sekali jenis text, salah satunya adalah yang akan kita bahas kali ini yaitu mengenai biografi text dan narrative text.
Text tersebut sudah sering digunakan dalam kalimat bahasa inggris, namun apakah sahabat KBI tau perbedaan dari dua jenis text tersebut? Pada materi kali ini admin akan membahas perbedaan nya dalam bahasa inggris beserta dengan contohnya, langsung kita simak saja ya 🙂
Narrative Text dan Biografi Text
Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense. The purpose of the text is to entertain or to amuse the readers or listeners about the story. Dengan kata lain, narrative text merupakan jenis text dalam bahasa inggris yang menceritakan tentang kejadian atau peristiwa dimasa lampau yang belum tentu kebenaran nya. Biasanya narrative mtext menceritakan legenda atau peristiwa yang telah lalu.
Adapun struktur umum dari narrative text itu sendiri yaitu terdiri dari orientasi, komplikasi, resolusi, re-orientasi.
Adapun yang dimaksud dengan Biografi text , or simply bio, is a detailed description of a person’s life. It involves more than just the basic facts like education, work, relationships, and death; it portrays a person’s experience of these life events. Dengan kata lain, biografi text merupakan sebuah text dalam bahasa inggris yang mendeskripsikan atau menceritakan seseorang baik masa sekarang atau masa lampaunya, namun lebih kepada masa lampau nya dan sesuai dengan fakta.
Adapun biografi text terdiri dari orientasi, problem dan reorientasi dalam bahasa inggris.
So, dapat disimpulkan ya sahabat KBI, bahwa narrative text merupakan text dalam bahasa inggris yang menjelaskan peristiwa di masalampau sedangkan biografi text menjelaskan peristiwa di masalampau yang berhubungan denga riwayat seseorang.
Berikut ini contoh dari masing-masing nya.
Long time ago in the island of Java, Indonesia, lived a couple of farmer. They had married for some years but they had no children. So they prayed to a monster called Buta Ijo to give them children. Buta Ijo was a ferocious and powerful monster. He granted their wish on one condition. When their children had grown up, they had to sacrifice them to Buta Ijo. He liked eating fresh meat of human being. The farmers agreed to his condition. Several months later the wife was pregnant.
She gave birth to a beautiful baby girl. They named her Timun Emas. The farmers were happy. Timun Emas was very healthy and a very smart girl. She was also very diligent. When she was a teenager Buta Ijo came to their house. Timun Emas was frightened so she ran away to hide. The farmers then told Buta Ijo that Timun Emas was still a child. They asked him to postpone. Buta Ijo agreed. He promised to come again. The following year Buta Ijo came again. But again and again their parents said that Timun Emas was still a child.
When the third time Buta Ijo came their parents had prepared something for him. They gave Timun Emas several bamboo needles, seeds of cucumber, dressing and salt.
‘Timun, take these things’
‘What are these things?’
‘These are your weapons. Buta Ijo will chase you. He will eat you alive. So run as fast as you can. And if he will catch you spread this to the ground. Now go!’
Timun Emas was scared so she ran as quickly as she could. When Buta Ijo arrived she was far from home. He was very angry when he realized that his prey had left. So he ran to chase her. He had a sharp nose so he knew what direction his prey ran.
Timun Emas was just a girl while Buta Ijo was a monster so he could easily catch her up. When he was just several steps behind Timun Emas quickly spread the seeds of cucumber. In seconds they turned into many vines of cucumber. The exhausted Buta Ijo was very thirsty so he grabbed and ate them. When Buta Ijo was busy eating cucumber Timun Emas could run away.
But soon Buta Ijo realized and started running again. When he was just several steps behind Timun Emas threw her bamboo needles. Soon they turned into dense bamboo trees. Buta Ijo found it hard to pass. It took him some time to break the dense bamboo forest. Meanwhile Timun Emas could run farther.
Buta Ijo chased her again. When he almost catch her again and again Timun Emas threw her dressing. This time it turned into a lake. Buta Ijo was busy to save himself so Timun Emas ran way. But Buta Ijo could overcome it and continued chasing her.
Finally when Timun Emas was almost caught she threw her salt. Soon the land where Buta Ijo stood turned into ocean. Buta Ijo was drowned and died instantly. Timun Emas was thankful to god and came back to her home.
Heis one of thenational heroeswhoverypersistentlyagainst theNetherlandscolonizers.Regarding theprofileof Pattimura, henamedThomasMatulessyalsosayshis real name is AhmadLussy, hewas born inHualoy,Southof Seram, Malukuon June 8,1783.Hedied inAmbon,Maluku, 16 December1817at the age of34years.Hewas the son ofFransMatulesiwithFransinaSilahoi.As for thebiographyof Pattimurain theGovernmentfirst published, MSapijawrote, “that theheroes ofadharaPattimuraderivativenobility andoriginated fromNusa Ina(Ceram).FathernamedAntoniMattulessywas the son ofKasimilialiof PattimuraMattulessy.The latterwas the sonof KingSahulau.Sahulauis thename of the personin the countrywhich is situatedina Bay inSpookySouth. “
From the historyofPattimurawrittenMSapija,the title ofkapitanwasthe awarding of the Netherlands.In factit is not.According to historianMansyurSuryanegara,the ancestor ofthis nation,from the pointof history andanthropology,is homoreligiosa(creatures ofHindu religious texts).
Their beliefagainstsomethingthe powerbeyond the reachof reasontheir minds,give rise tointerpretationsthat are difficultto digestratio.Therefore,the socialbehaviour ofcontrolledforcesof nature thattheyto fear.
Their soulsare Unitedwiththe forcesof nature,supernatural powers–specialsupernatural powerswhich belonged tosomeone.Supernatural powerswere lateraccepted assomethingpreciousand sacredevents.Whenhe wasattached tosomeone, thenthat personis asymbol oftheir strength.Heis a leaderwhois considered to havecharisma.
It’sinherentpropertiesandprocessesfrom generation to generation.Althoughthey‘ve beenconverted, butgenealogical/genealogy/descendantis a derivativeof the leaderorkapitan.From thisactualterm “kapitan“inherent in theselfbegins.Pattimura
Before doing anyresistance againstthe DUTCHheneverhad a careerin the militaryas a formerMilitarySergeantUnited Kingdom.The word “Maluku“comes from the ArabicAlMulkor Al-Malikmeaningland ofthe Kings.given thelarge number ofkingdomsat the time
In1816United Kingdompartysurrenderto theNetherlandsand then the Netherlandsdo thepoliticalmonopolypolicy,taxes onland (landrente),the relocation of the residentsas well as cruiseHongi(HongiTochten), as well as ignoringthe Treaty ofLondonIamong other thingsin thearticle 11containsprovisionsthat theUnited KingdomResidentin Ambonmustfirstnegotiatethe transferkoprsAmbonwithGubenur.
Andtheagreementalsoclearlyindicatedthat if theGovernment of theUnited Kingdomendedin MalukuthefallensoldierAmbonmust be freedin terms ofreserves the rightto chooseto enter thenewGovernmentormilitary serviceout ofmilitary service,however inthismilitary servicemove his practiceforcedthe return ofcolonialNetherlandsin1817getshardchallengefromthe people.
This is becausethe condition of the political, economic, andsocietalrelationsare badfor two centuries.The Malukupeoplefinallyroseup in armsunder the command ofKapitanPattimura ()Thenat the timewar broke outagainst theNetherlandscolonizersof the year1817
KingsVizier,TheKapitan,Indigenouseldersandpeoplepicked it upas a leader andwarlordbecauseexperiencedand possessKnights(kabaressi).As a warlord,KapitanPattimuraset thestrategyof war with theacolytes.
As a leaderhesuccessfullycoordinating theKingsVizierin carrying outthe activities of the Government,the people’slead,set upeducation, providingfood andbuildstrongholdsof Defense.the chemistryin leadershipis recognizedbytheGrand Vizierorcommoner.
In the struggleagainstNetherlands, healsoestablished a Union withthe Kingdom ofTernateandTidore,Kingsin Bali, Sulawesiand Java.Pattimuranationalwarthata military forcewith theNetherlandsfacinglargeand strongby sendingits ownAdmiralBuykes, one of theCommissioner-Generalto confrontPatimura.
Greatbattlesagainst theNetherlandsArmyon land and at sea, organisedtheKapitanPattimura, assisted bythepenglimanya, among others, MelchiorKesaulya,AnthoniRebhok, PhilipUlupahaandLatumahina.The battlethat destroyedthe troops ofNetherlandswas recordedasthe capture ofthe CastleDuurstede,Netherlandsfightingon the beaches ofWaisisilandjasirahHatawano,Ullath,Jasirah–OuwHituisland ofAmbon andSeramSouth.
Pattimurawarcan only bestopped withdividelamb,Guileandscorched earthby theNetherlands.Pattimura, together with the otherfighterwith hercharacterfinallycan be captured.Pattimurawas arrested bythe colonial Government ofNetherlandsin a house in the regionalseries ofSorry.Pattimurathentried in thecourts of theNetherlandsColonialwithaccusationsagainstthe Government of the Netherlands.
beforehis execution,hangingonthe gallows, theNetherlandsapparentlycontinue topersuadePattimurain order tocooperatewith the Government ofNetherlandscolonial, butPattimurarefused.Pattimurathenretiredat thegallowson 16 December1817in front ofFortVictoriain the townof Ambon.
Forthe service andsacrificethat,KapitanPattimuraconfirmed as“the hero of the independence struggle“by the Governmentof the Republic of Indonesia……National Hero OfIndonesia.TheAlmightyGodheadjust andcivilizedHumanityunity ofIndonesia, led byPopulistwisdomwisdom inindependencerepresentativeconsultativefor the wholepeople of indonesia.